Diploma in Education is a sub-system of the social system and is intrinsically linked with it in a complex of interdependencies. Its planning and management, therefore, call for a sharp understanding of social processes and a sensitivity to social responses. It should not be considered to be just a packet of tools and techniques or rules and regulations. Such a narrow view of planning and management would be highly inadequate in all spheres of activity but in the educational sphere, it would be disastrous. This course is intended to introduce the District Education Officers to the context of educational Endeavour with a view to deepening their sensitivity to and understanding of the educational problemsThe role of education in traditional societies was limited to socialization, preparation for adult roles and transmission of culture from one generation to another. This has undergone a change since the Industrial Revolution. In the dynamic societies of today, education not only equips a person to adjust to change but also to initiate it.